LARVICIDAL ACTIVITY OF NEMATOPHAGOUS FUNGI Duddingtonia agrans AGAINST COMMON STRONGYLE ROUNDWORMS OF BUFALOES (Bubalus bubalis)

Toni Rose M. Barroga, Therese Marie A. Collantes, Claro N. Mingala

Abstract


Infestation of gastrointestinal nematodes is a major problem in grazing animals. Control is achieved through administration of anthelmintics; however, because of indiscriminate use, there have been increased reports of resistance to chemical anthelmintics which led to the failure of parasite control. This study determined the e cacy of the chlamydospore of Duddingtonia agrans as biological control against common strongyle roundworms of bu aloes. Using corn meal agar assay, strongyle infective larvae were treated with and without D. agrans. The chlamydospore/ gram (CG) assay tested a dose-dependent concentration wherein feces with 2,100 eggs/ gram (EPG) strongyles were treated with D. agrans at an increasing doses of CG (100,000, 250,000 and 500,000). Results showed an 84.39% larval reduction after treatment with 500,000 CG. The chlamydspore/ egg assay evaluated increasing ratios of egg to chlamydospore dose (1:0, 1:100, 1:500, 1:1000) using the 2,100 EPG feces. The ratio 1:500 achieved the highest percent larval reduction (78.88%). D. agrans was directly fed to bu aloes at varying concentrations (50,000, 150,000, 250,000 chlamydospores/kg BW). A 78.77% larval reduction was observed at 50,000 chlamydospore/kg BW oral administration for 5 days. This study showed the e cacy of D. agrans as a potential alternative for anthelmintics in buffaloes. 


Keywords


biological control; Duddingtonia agrans; larval reduction; nematophagous fungi; strongyles

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2020 Philippine Society of Animal Science